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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:20:04 UTC
Update Date2020-05-21 16:28:42 UTC
MCDB ID BMDB0000139
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB00139
Metabolite Identification
Common NameGlyceric acid
DescriptionGlyceric acid, also known as glycerate or D-groa, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar acids and derivatives. Sugar acids and derivatives are compounds containing a saccharide unit which bears a carboxylic acid group. Glyceric acid is possibly soluble (in water) and an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Glyceric acid exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. Glyceric acid is a potentially toxic compound. Glyceric acid has been found to be associated with several diseases known as irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, and eosinophilic esophagitis; also glyceric acid has been linked to several inborn metabolic disorders including primary hyperoxaluria and primary hyperoxaluria II.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
alpha,beta-Hydroxypropionic acidChEBI
D-GroAChEBI
R-Glyceric acidChEBI
GlycerateKegg
(R)-GlycerateKegg
a,b-HydroxypropionateGenerator
a,b-Hydroxypropionic acidGenerator
alpha,beta-HydroxypropionateGenerator
R-GlycerateGenerator
(R)-Glyceric acidGenerator
D-GlycerateHMDB
D-Glyceric acidHMDB
(2R)-2,3-Dihydroxypropanoic acidHMDB
(R)-2,3-Dihydroxypropanoic acidHMDB
D-2,3-Dihydroxypropanoic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC3H6O4
Average Molecular Weight106.0773
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight106.02660868
IUPAC Name(2R)-2,3-dihydroxypropanoic acid
Traditional Nameglycerate
CAS Registry Number473-81-4
SMILES
OC[C@@H](O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C3H6O4/c4-1-2(5)3(6)7/h2,4-5H,1H2,(H,6,7)/t2-/m1/s1
InChI KeyRBNPOMFGQQGHHO-UWTATZPHSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar acids and derivatives. Sugar acids and derivatives are compounds containing a saccharide unit which bears a carboxylic acid group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentSugar acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Glyceric_acid
  • Sugar acid
  • Alpha-hydroxy acid
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Monosaccharide
  • 1,2-diol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxide
  • Primary alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1000 mg/mLNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-1.7ALOGPS
logP-1.5ChemAxon
logS0.78ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.42ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area77.76 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity20.38 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability8.96 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-0f6t-0910000000-52b917dbc684454452aeJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-0uei-0920000000-4d5f18f14464b7289e4eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0f72-0920000000-7727c90167e5f1e15f7cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0f6t-0910000000-52b917dbc684454452aeJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0uei-0920000000-4d5f18f14464b7289e4eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-01po-9000000000-e74d8dcadd449f32f28fJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0avr-9362000000-4ae43a853db514e46cc7JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-0ufr-9800000000-f68cee7fd839cc0c350aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-0pb9-9300000000-c9741b095b361aa0bf2eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-0udi-8900000000-2ca9bd370ef2f7afdf64JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-2c68fcd2a4c9cc998e14JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9400000000-a3e0c92f667ab9fdfbe5JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-e2f8962c5a4a4bde459aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-052e-9000000000-08ad44e661510838b17fJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0007-9000000000-b65c29cedef64ad74dfbJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-0a4i-1900000000-2d91902f3a95d7e66bbaJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-2c68fcd2a4c9cc998e14JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0a4i-9400000000-a3e0c92f667ab9fdfbe5JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-e2f8962c5a4a4bde459aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-052e-9000000000-08ad44e661510838b17fJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0007-9000000000-b65c29cedef64ad74dfbJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0a4i-1900000000-2d91902f3a95d7e66bbaJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0a4r-9600000000-6c887f0d5bb5b5b43e47JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-01p9-9100000000-4dcb939c91e313be7889JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-0ddbae5fe95cd5c2cc3aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-7900000000-483a2fcbaa1f9e4282f8JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9200000000-c37acde4cab84c418b98JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4l-9000000000-c2110468981b90e60c2bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Concentrations
StatusValueReferenceDetails
Detected but not QuantifiedNot Applicable
  • Kurt J. Boudonck,...
details
Detected but not QuantifiedNot Applicable
  • Characterization ...
details
HMDB IDHMDB0000139
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB012242
KNApSAcK IDC00001185
Chemspider ID388334
KEGG Compound IDC00258
BioCyc IDGLYCERATE
BiGG ID34424
Wikipedia LinkGlyceric acid
METLIN ID280
PubChem Compound439194
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID32398
References
Synthesis ReferenceKyriacou, Demetrios; Tougas, Terrence P. Preparation of glyceric acid by anodic oxidation of glycerol at a silver oxide electrode. Journal of Organic Chemistry (1987), 52(11), 2318-19.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Kurt J. Boudonck, Matthew W. Mitchell, Jacob Wulff and John A. Ryals (2009). Kurt J. Boudonck, Matthew W. Mitchell, Jacob Wulff, John A. Ryals. Characterization of the biochemical variability of bovine milk using metabolomics. Metabolomics (2009) 5:375-386 doi: 10.1007/s11306-009-0160-8. Metabolomics.
  2. Kurt J. Boudonck, Matthew W. Mitchell, Jacob Wulff, John A. Ryals (2009). Characterization of the biochemical variability of bovine milk using metabolomics. Metabolomics.