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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:07:14 UTC
Update Date2019-02-05 20:35:41 UTC
MCDB ID BMDB00001
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name1-Methylhistidine
Description1-Methylhistidine, also known as 1-mhis, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as histidine and derivatives. Histidine and derivatives are compounds containing cysteine or a derivative thereof resulting from reaction of cysteine at the amino group or the carboxy group, or from the replacement of any hydrogen of glycine by a heteroatom. 1-Methylhistidine is possibly soluble (in water) and a very strong basic compound (based on its pKa). 1-Methylhistidine exists in all living organisms, ranging from bacteria to humans. 1-Methylhistidine participates in a number of enzymatic reactions, within cattle. In particular, 1-Methylhistidine and beta-alanine can be converted into anserine through its interaction with the enzyme carnosine synthase 1. In addition, beta-Alanine and 1-methylhistidine can be biosynthesized from anserine; which is mediated by the enzyme cytosolic non-specific dipeptidase. In cattle, 1-methylhistidine is involved in the metabolic pathway called the histidine metabolism pathway. 1-Methylhistidine has been found to be associated with several diseases known as eosinophilic esophagitis, early preeclampsia, and obesity; also 1-methylhistidine has been linked to several inborn metabolic disorders including maple syrup urine disease and propionic acidemia.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(2S)-2-Amino-3-(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-4-yl)propanoic acidChEBI
Pi-methylhistidineChEBI
(2S)-2-Amino-3-(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-4-yl)propanoateGenerator
1 MethylhistidineHMDB
1-Methyl histidineHMDB
1-Methyl-histidineHMDB
1-Methyl-L-histidineHMDB
1-MHisHMDB
1-N-Methyl-L-histidineHMDB
L-1-MethylhistidineHMDB
N1-Methyl-L-histidineHMDB
1-Methylhistidine dihydrochlorideHMDB
1-MethylhistidineChEBI
Chemical FormulaC7H11N3O2
Average Molecular Weight169.1811
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight169.085126611
IUPAC Name(2S)-2-amino-3-(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-4-yl)propanoic acid
Traditional Name1 methylhistidine
CAS Registry Number332-80-9
SMILES
CN1C=NC(C[C@H](N)C(O)=O)=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C7H11N3O2/c1-10-3-5(9-4-10)2-6(8)7(11)12/h3-4,6H,2,8H2,1H3,(H,11,12)/t6-/m0/s1
InChI KeyBRMWTNUJHUMWMS-LURJTMIESA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as histidine and derivatives. Histidine and derivatives are compounds containing cysteine or a derivative thereof resulting from reaction of cysteine at the amino group or the carboxy group, or from the replacement of any hydrogen of glycine by a heteroatom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentHistidine and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Histidine or derivatives
  • Alpha-amino acid
  • L-alpha-amino acid
  • Imidazolyl carboxylic acid derivative
  • Aralkylamine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point249http://download.cappchem.com/data/Properties-of-Amino-Acids.pdf
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-3ALOGPS
logP-3.1ChemAxon
logS-1.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.96ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.25ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area81.14 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity42.39 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability17.11 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS)splash10-0002-9610000000-d0147d3e28362f91174aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-0gbd-4941000000-cee19577c72eecd95aecJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0002-9610000000-d0147d3e28362f91174aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0gbd-4941000000-cee19577c72eecd95aecJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00dm-9500000000-e50450f2dc8a5d4b3655JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-9310000000-d6f7eb07e6f5ecb74263JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00di-0900000000-037d24a7d65676b7e356JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00di-0900000000-03e99316bd6c098f5d11JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00ea-9800000000-a33c82a1c91f56d372feJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00di-0900000000-695bcc2d0a01df2d7521JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00di-0900000000-4eea9cf6f12f18d06f98JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-05us-9300000000-072d6fe7a7a03cd7390bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-014i-1900000000-57f1e30ae8b606ea5f5cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-01b9-5900000000-ff71b6d300a9ee595b3cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0adj-9300000000-e045823003ab541d5b1eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Concentrations
StatusValueReferenceDetails
Detected but not QuantifiedNot Applicable details
HMDB IDHMDB0000001
DrugBank IDDB04151
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB012119
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID83153
KEGG Compound IDC01152
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkMethylhistidine
METLIN ID3741
PubChem Compound92105
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID50599
References
Synthesis ReferenceJain, Rahul; Cohen, Louis A. Regiospecific alkylation of histidine and histamine at N-1 (t).Tetrahedron (1996), 52(15), 5363-70.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Mung D, Li L: Development of Chemical Isotope Labeling LC-MS for Milk Metabolomics: Comprehensive and Quantitative Profiling of the Amine/Phenol Submetabolome. Anal Chem. 2017 Apr 18;89(8):4435-4443. doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.6b03737. Epub 2017 Mar 28. [PubMed:28306241 ]